A Digital Flora
of Newfoundland and Labrador
Vascular Plants



Juncaceae: Rush Family



Juncus arcticus Willd. var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv.






  Always under construction!  Please check back periodically.  

Page created January 21, 2002
Page last updated November 11, 2013




Navigate this Page - "Juncaceae: Rush Family":
Juncus ×alpiniformis
Juncus alpinoarticulatus [= Juncus alpinus]
Juncus arcticus var. arcticus
Juncus articulatus
Juncus balticus subsp. littoralis
Juncus biglumis
Juncus brevicaudatus
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
Juncus bufonius var. halophilus
Juncus bulbosus
Juncus canadensis
Juncus castaneus subsp. castaneus
Juncus compressus
Juncus dudleyi
Juncus effusus var. effusus
Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus
Juncus effusus var. pylaei
Juncus effusus var. solutus
Juncus filiformis
Juncus cf. filiformis
Juncus ×fulvescens
Juncus gerardii subsp. gerardii
Juncus longistylis
Juncus militaris
Juncus ×nodosiformis
Juncus nodosus
Juncus pelocarpus
Juncus stygius var. americanus
Juncus subcaudatus
Juncus subtilis
Juncus tenuis
Juncus trifidus
Juncus triglumis var. albescens
Juncus vaseyi
Luzula acuminata var. acuminata
Luzula campestris subsp. campestis
Luzula confusa
Luzula groenlandica
Luzula multiflora subsp. frigida
Luzula multiflora subsp. multiflora
Luzula nivalis [= Luzula arctica]
Luzula pallescens [= Luzula pallidula]
Luzula parviflora subsp. melanocarpa
Luzula parviflora subsp. parviflora
Luzula spicata
Luzula wahlenbergii





Juncus alpinoarticulatus Chaix  -  Alpine Rush - [NF, LAB]
Sop's Arm, Newfoundland. Main River. Rocky, sandy, river flat. July 24, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Flowers
Flowers and Buds
Flowers and Buds
Base of Leaves
Whole Plant

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Juncus articulatus Linnaeus  -  Jointed Rush - [NF]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Torbay Road. Cloverleaf at Arterial Road. Damp swale. July 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Flower and Fruits
Flower and Fruits
Flower and Fruits
Flowers and Fruits
Fruits
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Plants in Habitat
Spaniard's Bay, Newfoundland. Below "The Gorge". Rocky river flat. July 18, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Inflorescence, Closeup
Inflorescence, Closeup
Inflorescences
Inflorescences
Windmill Bight, Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Beach at camping park. July 23, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Flowers
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Lamanche Provincial Park, Newfoundland. Pond beach. Rocky. August 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Inflorescence. Note sharp-pointed bulblet on left.
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Fruiting Stem
Bristol's Hope, Newfoundland. Edge of barachois, near beach roadway. Wet. August 17, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Flowers
Flowers
Fruit
Fruit
Fruit
Inflorescence
Stems
Stems
St. John's, Newfoundland. Edge of barachois, near beach roadway. Wet. August 17, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Fruit
Fruit
Fruit
Fruit
Fruitescence
Fruitescence
Fruitescence
Fruitescence
Fruitescence
Fruitescences
Lady Lake, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Edge of Lake. Bouldery. September 10, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]*
Bulblets
Bulblets

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Juncus balticus Willdenow subsp. littoralis (Engelmann) Snogerup [= Juncus arcticus Willdenow subsp. balticus (Willdenow) N. Hylander]  -  Baltic Rush - [NF, LAB]
Burgeo, Newfoundland. Sandbanks Provincial Park. Grassy dunes near beach. July 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Buds
Buds
Budding Stems
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Sandy beach. July 23, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
"Palisades" of Leafy Shoots
Lourdes-de-Blanc-Sablon, Québec. Cap Crow. July 27, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Buds
Cartwright, Labrador. Open shoreline behind town. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence

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Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelmann) Fernald  -  Narrow-panicled Rush - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Water Supply Road. In ditch. October 12, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruiting Inflorescence
Fruiting Inflorescence
Fruiting Inflorescence
Fruiting Inflorescence
Whole Plant in Habitat

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Juncus bufonius Linnaeus var. bufonius  -  Toad Rush - [NF, LAB]
Bauline, Newfoundland. Just south of town. Disturbed ground near dirt track. Light seepage. July 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Inflorescence
Developing Inflorescence
Developing Inflorescence
Developing Inflorescence
Expanding Inflorescence
Whole Plant
Carbonear, Newfoundland. Fox Farm Road. Roadside near ditch. July 12, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Inflorescence
Developing Inflorescences
Developing Inflorescences
Whole Plant
Little Soldier's Pond, just west of St. John's, along the Trans Canada Highway, Newfoundland. Edge of dirt track below Hydro poles. July 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Flowers
Flowers
Inflorescence
Inflorescence

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Juncus bulbosus Linnaeus  -  Bulbous Rush - [NF] [i?]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Johnson Family Trail, near Portugal Cove/Major's Path Junction. In river. August 2, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Flowers
Flowers
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. River above bypass road. August 8, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruit
Inflorescence
Floating Mat
Floating Mats
LaManche Provincial Park, Newfoundland. Edge of pond, on floodplain. Stranded plants. August 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruits
Fruiting Inflorescence
Bauline Line, 1.2 km east of Junction with Bauline-Pouch Cove Line, Newfoundland. Stream bank at highway culvert. August 27, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Nodes
Fruiting Stem
Fruiting Stem
Whole Plant, Stranded
Manuels River, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Quiet steady. September 15, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Submerged Mat
Submerged Mat
Junction of New Harbour Road with Spaniard's Bay Spur Road, Newfoundland. Shallow pond. October 12, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Node
Semi-emergent Branches
Semi-emergent Branches
Stranded Plant

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Juncus canadensis J. Gay ex Laharpe  -  Canada Rush - [NF]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Cape St. Francis area. Coaker's Gulch Trail. Coastal heath. August 15, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Flatrock, Newfoundland. Medalsis Pond Road. Roadside. August 27, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruit
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Heads
Fruiting Heads
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Heads
Fruitescence
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Water Supply Road. Wet ditch. September 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Heads
Fruiting Inflorescence
Plants in Habitat
St. John's, Newfoundland. Oxen Pond Botanic Park. Clearing in coniferous woods. Wet fen. October 7, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Head
Fruiting Heads
Fruiting Heads
Fruiting Heads
Inflorescence
Inflorescence

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Juncus dudleyi Wiegand  -  Dudley's Rush - [NF - RARE, LAB]
Hughes Brook, Newfoundland. Saltmarsh. About high water mark, above river channel. July 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Inflorescence
Plants in Habitat
Lomond River, Newfoundland. Estuary. Muddy. About high water mark. July 23, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescences
Inflorescences
Robinson's River, at Cartyville, Newfoundland. Backwater near river mouth. September 10, 2000. [Transparencies - Nathalie Djan-Chékar]
Closeup of Inflorescences
Flowering Stems

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Juncus effusus Linnaeus var. effusus  -  Soft Rush, Bog Rush - [NF]
St. John's, Newfoundland. Virginia River, above Logy Bay Road. Edge of river. July 31, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Flowers
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Flowering Stems
Plants in Habitat

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Juncus effusus Linnaeus var. conglomeratus (L.) Engelmann  -  Soft Rush, Bog Rush - [NF]
Blow-me-Down Hills Trail, Humber Arm, Newfoundland. Open, serpentine-rich, rock barrens. July 18, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Head
Flowering Head, Backside
Flowering Stems
Little Soldier's Pond, near Trans Canada Highway, south of St. John's, Newfoundland. Disturbed edge of gravel track in open bog/heath. August 4, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Head
Bell Island, Newfoundland. Wabana. Roadside above ferry dock. Grassy heath. August 5, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Head
Flowering Head
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
St. John's, Newfoundland. Elizabeth Avenue at Rennies River bridge. Trailside. August 17, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.
Flowering Head With casebearer cases.

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Juncus effusus Linnaeus var. pylaei (Laharpe) Fernald and Wiegand [= Juncus pylaei Laharpe]  -  Soft Rush, Bog Rush - [NF]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Shoe Cove, Diamond's Road. Wet swale near brook. July 28, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence

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Juncus effusus Linnaeus var. solutus Fern & Wiegand  -  Soft Rush, Bog Rush - [NF]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Shoe Cove Road. Wet swale near brook. October 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence [hanging upside-down]

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Juncus filiformis Linnaeus  -  Thread Rush - [NF, LAB]
Cupids, Newfoundland. Burnt Head Trail. Open heath at edges of stunted mixed woods. October 27, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruit
Fruit
Fruit
Fruiting Stems
Fruiting Stem
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat

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Juncus cf. filiformis Linnaeus [final identification pending]  -  Thread Rush - [NF, LAB]
Burgeo, Newfoundland. Sandbanks Provincial Park. Small, shallow pond, with Eleocharis palustris. July 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flower Head
Flowering Stems

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Juncus gerardii Loiseleur-Deslongchamps subsp. gerardii  -  Black Grass, Saltmarsh Rush - [NF]
Clarke's Beach, Newfoundland. Upper Motion, near outlet. July 29, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruitescences
Fruitescences
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Riverhead at head of bay, inside the location of the S.S. Kyle. Edge of freshwater influenced salt marsh. October 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescences
Inflorescences
Inflorescences
Inflorescences

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Juncus longistylis Torrey  -  Longstyle Rush - [NF - RARE]
Middle Barachois River at McKay's, Newfoundland. Shoreline. August 24, 2000. [Transparencies - Nathalie Djan-Chékar]
Closeup of Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Plants in Habitat

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Juncus militaris Bigelow  -  Bayonet Rush, Jointed Bog Rush - [NF]
Red Cliff, west of Grand Falls, Newfoundland. Pool on floodplain of Exploits River. July 19, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Developing Inflorescence
Developing Inflorescence
Flowering Stems
LaManche Provincial Park, Newfoundland. In pond. About 1 metre of water. August 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat
Conception Bay Bypass Highway, at Spaniard's Bay Junction, Newfoundland. Rich pond on offramp. September 1, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Inflorescence
Flowering Inflorescence
Flowering Inflorescence
Flowering Inflorescence
Flowering Inflorescence
Fading Inflorescence
Fading Inflorescence
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat

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Juncus nodosus Linnaeus  -  Knotted Rush - [NF - RARE]
Table Mountain, Stephenville, Newfoundland. July 13, 1999. [Transparencies - René Charest]
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Robinson's River at Cartyville, Newfoundland. Old backwater in river delta. August 24, 2000. [Transparencies - Nathalie Djan-Chékar]
Inflorescence

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Juncus pelocarpus E. Meyer  -  Brownfruited Rush - [NF, LAB]
Lady Lake, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Edge of Lake. Bouldery. September 10, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Bulblets
Bulblets
Bulblets
Inflorescence
Inflorescence

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Juncus stygius Linnaeus subsp. americanus (Buchenau) Hultén  -  Moor Rush - [NF, LAB]
Bell Island, Newfoundland. Wabana. Roadside above ferry dock. Grassy heath. August 5, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence With casebearer cases.

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Juncus tenuis Willdenow  -  Path Rush, Slender Rush - [NF, LAB]
Bell Island, Newfoundland. Wabana. Roadside above ferry dock. Grassy heath. August 5, 2009. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence With casebearer cases.
Inflorescence With casebearer cases.
Inflorescence With casebearer cases.
Inflorescence With casebearer cases.
Garnish, Newfoundland. Long Ridge Cabins. Gravel driveway. September 22, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruits
Fruits
Fruits
Fruiting Inflorescence
Plant in Habitat

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Juncus trifidus Linnaeus  -  Highland Rush - [NF, LAB]
Tilt Cove, Newfoundland. Cliff ledge. July 20, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flower
Flowering Stems
Leaf Bases
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill, lower summit. Gravels. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescences
Whole Plant

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Juncus triglumis Linnaeus var. albescens Lange  -  Northern White Rush - [NF, LAB]
Blanc Sablon, Québec. Just west of Quebec-Labrador border. Mt. Bonenfant. Alpine heath. July 11, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowering Heads
Whole Plant

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Luzula multiflora (Ehrhart) Lejeune subsp. multiflora  -  Common Woodrush - [NF, LAB]
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. North end, beyond houses. Shore meadows, with many ant nests! May 25, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Inflorescence
Cauline Leaf
Basal Leaves
Witless Bay, Newfoundland. Mickaleen's Path. Dryish coastal meadow. Old farmed fields. June 4, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Flowers
Flowers
Flowers
Flowers
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Leaf. Note hairiness.
Burgeo, Newfoundland. Sandbanks Provincial Park. Grassy dunes near beach. July 15, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Flowers
Flowers
Inflorescence
Little Soldier's Pond, just west of St. John's, along the Trans Canada Highway, Newfoundland. Edge of dirt track below Hydro poles. July 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Inflorescence
Fruiting Inflorescence
Fruiting Inflorescence
Cape St. Mary's, Newfoundland. Just east of the seabird reserve's visitor's centre. Alpine heath, near clifftops. July 25, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Inflorescences
Fruiting Inflorescences
Fruiting Inflorescences

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Luzula pallescens Swartz [= Luzula pallidula Kirschner]  -  Woodrush - [NF]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Shoe Cove. East Coast Trail below Diamond's Road, Coniferous woods with open understory. August 11, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Spikelets
Spikelets
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Inflorescence
Stem Leaf
Basal Leaves
Plant in Habitat

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Luzula parviflora (Ehrhart) Desvaux subsp. melanocarpa (Michaux) Hämet-Ahti  -  Smallflowered Woodrush - [NF, LAB]
Just east of L'Anse-au-Loup, Labrador. Battery Trail. Open, mixed shrubbery. July 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Inflorescence, Closeup
Inflorescence

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Luzula spicata (Linnaeus) de Candolle  -  Spiked Woodrush - [NF, LAB]
Mt. Parent, Blanc Sablon, Québec. Sandy blowout. July 27, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Battle Harbour, Labrador. Within the town. July 31, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fruiting Inflorescences
Fruiting Inflorescences
Fruiting Inflorescences

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