A Digital Flora
of Newfoundland and Labrador
Vascular Plants
 

Lycopodiaceae: Clubmoss Family
 
 
 

Diphasiastrum sitchense (Rupr.) Holub





  Always under construction!  Please check back periodically. 

Page created October 24, 2001
Page last updated June 6, 2013


 



Navigate this Page - "Lycopodiaceae: Clubmoss Family":
Diphasiastrum alpinum
Diphasiastrum complanatum subsp. complanatum
Diphasiastrum digitatum
Diphasiastrum ×sabinifolium
Diphasiastrum sitchense
Diphasiastrum tristachyum
Diphasiastrum tristachyum ["polystachyous" form]
Diphasiastrum tristachyum ["polystachyous" hybrid form]
Diphasiastrum ×zeilleri
Huperzia appressa [= Huperzia appalachiana]
Huperzia arctica
Huperzia ×buttersii [H. selago x H. lucidula]
Huperzia ×josephbeitelii [H appressa x H. selago]
Huperzia lucidula
Huperzia miyoshiana
Huperzia selago
Lycopodiella appressa
Lycopodiella inundata
Lycopodium annotinum var. acrifolium [= Spinulum annotinum]
Lycopodium annotinum var. pungens [= Spinulum canadense]
Lycopodium clavatum
Lycopodium dendroideum [= Dendrolycopodium dendroideum]
Lycopodium hickeyi
Lycopodium lagopus



 
Diphasiastrum alpinum (Linnaeus) Holub  -  Alpine Clubmoss - [NF - RARE, LAB]
Gros Morne Mountain, Newfoundland. Arctic-alpine habitat. June 7, 1999. [Transparency - Marilyn Anions]
Runner
Mealy Mountains, Labrador. Alpine tundra. July 31, 2001. [Transparency - Marilyn Anions]
Closeup of strobili
Whole plant
Ramah, Labrador. August 1-3, 2005. [Digital - Michael Burzynski]
Strobilis
Fertile Stems
Leafy Stems
Leafy Stems

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Diphasiastrum complanatum (Linnaeus) Holub subsp. complanatum [in the European sense]  -  Northern Running-pine, Groundcedar - [NF, LAB]
Sop's Arm, Newfoundland. Trail opposite camping park. Coniferous woods. Shaded area. July 24, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Plant in Habitat

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Diphasiastrum digitatum (Dillenius ex A. Braun) Holub  -  Southern Running-pine - [NF]
Woodville, Newfoundland. "The Orchid Meadow". July 22, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sterile Branches
Branches, Underside
Branches, Underside
Branches, Underside
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. August 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Branch, Top Side
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branches
Branches
Brigus, Newfoundland. Trail to Lighthouse, above "Kent Cottage". Coastal heath. October 12, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Tips of Strobili Showing typical infertile tips.
Tips of Strobili
Sections of Strobili
Sections of Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Branch Underside, Closeup
Branch Underside, Closeup
Branch Underside, Closeup
Branch Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside Showing no annual constrictions.
Branch, Top
Branch, Top
Branch, Top
Branch, Top
Branch and Stem
Stem
Whole Branches
Whole Branches
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat
Habitat Plants at lower right.

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Diphasiastrum ×sabinifolium (Willdenow) Holub (pro sp.) [D. sitchense x D. tristachyum]  -  Savinleaf Clubmoss - [NF, LAB?]
Cape Race Lighthouse Road, Newfoundland. Bristy Cove Brook. Disturbed roadside just west of bridge. September 6, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Tops of Strobili
Base of Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili

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Diphasiastrum sitchense (Ruprecht) Holub  -  Sitka Clubmoss, Tufted Groundcedar - [NF, LAB]
Hawke Hill*, Newfoundland. Summit, near communications installations, open alpine barrens, July 22, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plants
Plants in Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Sterile Stems
Sterile Stems
St. Shott's Road, Newfoundland. Open Hyperoceanic Barrens. October 1, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Leafy Branches
Leafy Branches
Leafy Branches
Leafy Branches
Leafy Branches
Leafy Branches
Leafy Stem
Leafy Stem
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. November 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stems
Sterile Stems
Sterile Stems

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Diphasiastrum tristachyum (Pursh) Holub  -  Blue Groundcedar - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. April 29, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Tips
Branch, Top
Branch, Top
Branch Tips, Bottom
Branch Tips, Bottom
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom
Branch, Bottom
Branch, Bottom
Branch, Bottom
Branch, Bottom
Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. April 29, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Tips, Bottom, Closeup
Branch Tips, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branch, Bottom, Closeup
Branches, Bottom
Branches
Branches
Branches
Branches
Whole Plant
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. March. [Digital - Michael Badcock]
Strobili
Leafy Branches
Fertile Plants
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. June 22, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branches, Underside
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill. Damp depression in alpine heath. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Branches, Underside
Branches, Underside
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. August 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Fertile Stems
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. September 8, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Fertile Branch
Fertile Branches
Branch, Top
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Whole Plants
Whole Plants

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Diphasiastrum tristachyum (Pursh) Holub ["polystachyous" form] [final identification pending]  -  Polystachyous Clubmoss - [NF]
Blue Groundcedar - [NF, LAB]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 16, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside, Closeup
Branch, Underside
Branch, Underside
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Branches, Underside
Fertile Stems
Plants in Habitat

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Diphasiastrum tristachyum (Pursh) Holub ["polystachyous" hybrid form] [final identification pending]  -  Polystachyous Clubmoss - [NF]
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. April 29, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilus
Strobili
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 16, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilus
Strobilus
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Branches
Branches
Branches
Old Strobili
Old Strobili
Old Strobili
Old Strobili
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilus
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Fertile Branches
Whole Plants
Habitat

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Huperzia appressa (Desvaux) Á. Löve & D. Löve [= Huperzia appalachiana Beitel & Mickel]  -  Appalachian Firmoss - [NF, LAB]
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. May 20, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Tip
Branch Tip
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. June 12, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporangia, Closeup
Branch Tips, Closeup
Branch Tips
Branch Tips Single gemma bud at tip (upper right).
Branch Tip, Closeup Showing specialized branchlets for holding gemmae.
Branch Tip, Closeup Showing specialized branchlets for holding gemmae.
Branch Tip, Closeup Showing specialized branchlets for holding gemmae.
Branch Tip, Closeup Showing specialized branchlets for holding gemmae.
Branch Tip Showing specialized branchlets for holding gemmae.
Branch Tip Showing the typical long series of specialized branchlets.
Branch Tip Showing the typical long series of specialized branchlets.
Branches
Whole Plant
Whole Plant Showing typical longer lower leaves.
Whole Plant
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. June 22, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Barr'd Harbour Hill, Highlands of St. John, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. August 1, 2004. [Digital - Frank LeDrew]
Fertile Stems
Fertile Stems
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. August 10, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gemmae
Gemmae
Fertile Stems
Fertile Stems
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 16-20, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmae
Gemmiferous Branches
Gemmiferous Whole Plant
Gemmae, Side View
Gemmae, Side View
Gemmiferous Branch Tips
Gemmiferous Branch Tips
Specialized Branchlets for holding Gemmae
Stem with Specialized Branchlets
Stem with Specialized Branchlets
Branch with Numerous Specialized Branchlets
Branch with Numerous Specialized Branchlets
Fresh Sporangia
Fresh Sporangia
Fresh Sporangia
Fresh Sporangia
Sporangia
Sporangia
Sporangia
Sporangia
Sporangia
Old Sporangia
Old Sporangia
Older Sporangia
Older Sporangia
Older Sporangia
Whole Branch
Whole Branch
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Whole Young Plant
Whole Young Plants
Whole Plants in Habitat
Whole Plants in Habitat
Habitat, Boulder Bed
Habitat, General
Upper Cripple Cove Trail* section of the East Coast Trail, above Cape St. Francis, Newfoundland. Open alpine barrens, September 15, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Closeup
Closeup
Whole Plant
Plant in Habitat
Crouse Point, Molliers, Newfoundland. Exposed coastal heath. Gravels. September 21, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant

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Huperzia miyoshiana Makino (Ching)  -  Pacific Firmoss - [NF]
Trout River Gulch, Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland. Serpentine rock barrens. Edge of shrubbery. June 27, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Tip Showing terminal group of gemmae.
Branch Section Showing typical 3-tiered series of specialized gemmae branchlets
Sporangia Also showing typical 3-tiered series of specialized gemmae branchlets.
Upper Stems
Upper Stems
Lower Stems Showing typical longer lower leaves.
Whole Plant
Doctors Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine slopes. August 14, 2005. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Whole Plants in Habitat
Whole Plants in Habitat

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Huperzia selago (Linnaeus) Bernhardi ex Schrank & Martius  -  Northern Firmoss, Mountain Clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
"Reddish River", east of Crouse Junction, along highway to Grand Bank. Low cliffs along river. June 25, 2010. [Digital - John Maunder]
Specialized Branches
Branch Closeup
Whole Plant
Plant in Habitat
L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland. Coastal heath. July 1, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Section Showing typical two-tiered series of specialized gemmae branches.
Stems
St. Lewis Access Road, 20.8 km from junction with Trans Labrador Highway. High alpine barrens. July 9, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Tips of Fertile Stems, Closeup
Fertile Stems Showing typical even-lengthed leaves along stem.
Hare's Ear's, St. Lawrence, Newfoundland. Open coastal heath. July 22, 2010. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branches
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill. Alpine heath. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Branch Tips
Whole Plant
Hawke Hill, Newfoundland. Alpine heath. September 8, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Gemmae, Crown Whorl
Gemmae, Crown Whorl
Gemmae, Crown Whorl
Gemmae, Crown Whorls
Gemmae, Crown Whorl
Gemmae, Crown Whorls
Gemmae, Crown Whorls
Gemmae, Crown Whorls
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, Crown Whorls, from Side
Gemmae, and top of Stem
Specialized Gemma Branchlets
Specialized Gemma Branchlets
Specialized Gemma Branchlets
Specialized Gemma Branchlets
Specialized Gemma Branchlets
Sporangia
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Sections, with Specialized Branchlets
Stem Bases
Whole Stem
Whole Stems
Whole Stems
Whole Stems
Whole Stems
Whole Plants, Compact
Whole Plants, Compact

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Lycopodiella appressa (Chapman) Cranfill   -  Southern Bog-Clubmoss - [NF]
Little Soldiers Pond, near Foxtrap Junction on Trans Canada Highway, Newfoundland. Dried-up bog pools. July 22, 2012. [Digital - John Maunder]
Leafy Branch
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat
Little Soldiers Pond, near Foxtrap Junction on Trans Canada Highway, Newfoundland. Bog pools. August 4, 2004. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilus
Strobili
Fertile Stems
Erect Stem, Closeup
Erect Stem, Closeup
Horizontal Stem, Closeup
Horizontal Stem
Horizontal Stem
Leaves, Closeup
Leaves, Closeup
Leaves, Closeup
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat with Utricularia cornuta
Plants in Habitat with Utricularia cornuta

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Lycopodiella inundata (Linnaeus) Holub  -  Northern Bog-Clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
Little Soldiers Pond, near Foxtrap Junction on Trans Canada Highway, Newfoundland. Burnt-over heathland, July 22, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
La Manche Provincial Park, Newfoundland. Rocky edge of pond; on floodplain. August 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilis
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Frenchman's Cove, just N of junction with main highway to Grand Bank, Newfoundland. Heathy, weedy area, with wet patches, just above beach. September 25, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Base of Strobilus
Strobilus and Branch
Strobilus
Strobilus
Whole Plant

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Lycopodium annotinum Linnaeus var. acrifolium Fernald [= Spinulum annotinum (L.) A. Haines] - (spreading, toothy leaves, in thickets and woods)  -  Bristly Clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
138.5 km southwest of Paradise River Junction. August 3, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
St. John's, Newfoundland. Above Shea Heights, near Communications towers. Alpine heath. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Fertile Plants
Plants in Habitat
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. November 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sterile Stem, Very Closeup
Sterile Stem, Closeup
Sterile Stem
Sterile Stems
Sterile Stems

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Lycopodium annotinum Linnaeus var. pungens La Pylaie ex Desvaux [invalid name] [= Spinulum canadense (Ness.) A. Haines] (ascending, toothless leaves, on barrens)  -  Bristly Clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
Ramah Bay, Labrador. August 1-3, 2005. [Digital - Michael Burzynski]
Fertile Stems
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill. Alpine heath. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Fertile Stems
Fertile Stems
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili, Closeup
Strobili
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stems
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. November 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili, Closeup
Strobili, Closeup
Whole Plants

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Lycopodium clavatum Linnaeus  -  Running Clubmoss - [NF]

Hawke Hill*, Newfoundland. Summit, near communications installations, open alpine barrens, July 22, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Closeup of "Clubs"
Closeup of "Runner"
Terra Nova National Park, Newfoundland. Chatman's Pond Trail. Heathy area. August 1, 2011. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stems
Whole Plants
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. September 16, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stem
Fertile Stem
Whole Plants

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Lycopodium dendroideum Michaux [= Dendrolycopodium dendroideum (Michaux) A. Haines]  -  Prickly Tree-clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
Chatman's Pond Trail, Terra Nova National Park. Initial grade on trail. Edge of old burn. June 18, 2011. [Digital - John Maunder]
Upper Branches
Upper Branches
Base of Plant
Base of Plant
Base of Plant
Whole Plant
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill. Alpine heath. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stem
Paradise River, Labrador. Paradise River Access Road. Lichen heath. August 3, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stem
Whole Plant
Trans-Labrador Highway. 138.5 km west and south of Paradise River/Cartwright Road Junction. Edge of mixed woods. August 3, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 19, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. September 7, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Whole Plant
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. November 10, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Leafy Branches
Lower Stem
Lower Stem
Lower Stem
Lower Stem
Whole Plant
Whole Plant

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Lycopodium lagopus (Laestadius ex C. Hartman) G. Zinserling ex Kuzeneva-Prochorova  -  Onecone Clubmoss - [NF, LAB]
Blanc Sablon, Quebec; near Quebec-Labrador border. Mount Parent. Coastal heath. July 27, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Split Strobilus An occasional condition.
Fertile Stems
Sterile Branches
Cartwright, Labrador. Radar Base Hill. Alpine heath. August 2, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Fertile Stems
Fertile Stems
Pouch Cove, Newfoundland. Meetinghouse Road. Barren heath above tree line. August 16, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Strobilus
Strobili
Strobili
Strobili
Whole Plant
Upper Leafy Stem
Whole Plants in Habitat
Whole Plants in Habitat
Plants in Habitat
St. John's, Newfoundland. Southside Hills. Top. Heathland. August 29, 2006. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Strobilus with Aberrant Leafy Tip
Fertile Branches [strobilus with aberrant leafy tip at left of centre]
Whole Plants in Habitat

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