A Digital Flora
of Newfoundland and Labrador
Vascular Plants



Ophioglossaceae: Adder's-Tongue Family



Botrychium virginianum (L.) Swartz






AT WORK   Always under construction!  Please check back periodically.   AT WORK

Page created November 15, 2001
Page last updated August 20, 2015




Navigate this Page - "Ophioglossaceae: Adder's-Tongue Family":
Botrychium ascendens
Botrychium lanceolatum subsp. angustisegmentum
Botrychium lanceolatum subsp. lanceolatum
Botrychium cf. lanceolatum subsp. lanceolatum
Botrychium lunaria var. lunaria
Botrychium matricariifolium
Botrychium minganense
Botrychium cf. minganense
Botrychium multifidum
Botrychium pinnatum
Botrychium neolunaria [= Botrychium lunaria (North American form)]
Botrychium cf. neolunaria [= Botrychium lunaria (North American form)]
Botrychium simplex
Botrychium tenebrosum
Botrychium cf. tunux
Botrychium virginianum





Botrychium ascendens W. H. Wagner  -  Ascending Moonwort - [NF]
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Trophophores
Trophophores
Whole Plant, Lower Part
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plants, Small
Whole Plant, Stunted
Whole Plants, Stunted
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Andrus Voitk]
Whole Plants
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Henry Mann]
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Gene Herzberg]
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Trophophore
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Trophophore

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Botrychium lanceolatum (S. G. Gmel.) Ångström subsp. lanceolatum  -  Lanceleaf Grapefern - [NF - RARE, LAB - RARE]
Great Sacred Island, off L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland. Unforested island. Small moist valley. August 14, 2002. [Digital - Michael Burzynski]
Whole Plant

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Botrychium cf. lanceolatum (S. G. Gmel.) Ångström subsp. lanceolatum  -  Lanceleaf Grapefern - [NF - RARE, LAB - RARE]
Goose Bay, Labrador. Sandy substrate. July 26, 2009. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Sporophore and Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant

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Botrychium lunaria (Linnaeus) Swartz var. lunaria  -  Common Moonwort - [NF, LAB]
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 12, 2010. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Lower Pinnae
Trophophore
Upper Trophophore, Lower Sporophore
St. Paul's, Newfoundland. Fishing point. Raised gravel beach berm. July 14, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore
Sporophore
Plum Point, Newfoundland. Flat, disturbed ground near sea. July 15, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
St. Paul's, Newfoundland. Fishing point. Raised gravel beach berm. July 20, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 23, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore Closeup
Sporophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 23, 2006. [Digital - Howard Clase]
Trophophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Raleigh, Newfoundland. Burnt Cape. Limestone gravels. No date. [Digital - Andrus Voitk]
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 26, 2006. [Digital - Andrus Voitk]
Whole Plant
Ramah Bay, Labrador. August 1-3, 2005, 2003. [Digital - Michael Burzynski]
Whole Plants
Whole Plants

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Botrychium matricariifolium (Döll) A. Braun ex W. D. J. Koch  -  Matricary Moonwort - [NF, LAB - RARE]
Vessels Brook, north of Sally's Cove, Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park. Disturbed coastal meadow. July 7, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Trophophore
Trophophore and Sporophore
Trophophore and Sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Broom Point, south of St. Paul's, Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park. July 8, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Sporophore
Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Whole Plant
Broom Point, south of St. Paul's, Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park. July 8, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Broom Point, south of St. Paul's, Newfoundland. Gros Morne National Park. July 8, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Exploits Island, Newfoundland. Barren headland west of village, north side. July 19, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Point au Gaul, Newfoundland. French Pond Park. July 22, 2011. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Goose Bay, Labrador. Sandy substrate. July 26, 2009. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Trophophore and Sporophore
Trophophore and Sporophore
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - John Molgaard]
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - Gene Herzberg]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant in Habitat
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - Henry Mann]
Trophophore
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore and Trochophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - Gene Herzberg]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant in Habitat
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. July 27, 2006. [Digital - Henry Mann]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Twillingate, North Island, Newfoundland. Heath barren near sea cliffs below the lighthouse. Limestone influence. Juy 27, 2006. [Digital - Carl Munden]
Habitat

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Botrychium minganense Victorin  -  Mingan Moonwort - [NF, LAB]
Stephenville Crossing, Newfoundland. No date. [Digital - Andrus Voitk]
Whole Plant
Lourdes-de-Blanc-Sablon, Quebec. Cap Crow. Just west of Quebec/Labrador Border. Open grassy heath. July 27, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Trophophore with abberant extra small sporophore!

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Botrychium cf. minganense Vict.  -  Mingan Moonwort - [NF, LAB]
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 12, 2010. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Sporophore
Middle Pinnae
Lower Pinnae
Whole Plant
Cape Freels, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 12, 2010. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Sporophore
Lower Pinnae
Lower Pinnae
Lower Pinnae
Lower Trophophore
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Gene Herzberg]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant [the smaller plant is B. tenebrosum]
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 26, 2006. [Digital - John Molgaard]
Whole Plant

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Botrychium minganense Victorin ["minimal form"]  -  Mingan Moonwort - [NF, LAB]
Burnt Cape, Newfoundland. Below cliff near "cannon holes". August 13, 2013. [Digital - Diane Allen and Paul Hines]
Whole Plant

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Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmelin) Ruprecht  -  Common Moonwort - [NF, LAB]
St. Paul's, Newfoundland. St. Paul's Point, beyond cemetery. July 7, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Old Trophophore
Old Trophophore, with current year's growth emerging
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Dunes behind beach. July 12, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Young Trophophore
Young Trophophore
Young Trophophore
Young Sporophore and Trophophore
Young Sporophore and Trophophore
Young Sporophore and Trophophore
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Dunes behind beach. July 26, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Sporophore
Sporophore
Trophophore, Closeup
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore Underside
Sporophore, and Trophophore Underside
Sporophore and Trophophore, Closeup
Sporophore and Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
New Trophophore and Old Trophophore
Whole Plant with Old Trophophore
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Lightly-vegetated dunes behind beach. July 31, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Doctor's Hill, Newfoundland. Rocky, grassy, upland meadow. August 20, 2005. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Sporophore
Trophophore
Whole Plants in Habitat
Habitat
Habitat
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Dunes behind beach. 1999. [Digital - Henry Mann]
Sporophore, pressed specimen
Whole Plants, pressed specimen
Whole Plants, pressed specimens

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Botrychium neolunaria ined. Stensvold and Farrar [= Botrychium lunaria (North American form)]  -  Common Moonwort - [NF]
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Vegetated sand dunes behind beach. July 22, 2003. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant

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Botrychium cf. neolunaria ined. Stensvold and Farrar [= Botrychium lunaria (North American form)]  -  Common Moonwort - [NF]
Port au Port, Newfoundland. June 10, 2001. [Transparency - Nathalie Djan-Chékar]
Whole Plant

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Botrychium simplex Hitchcock  -  Least Moonwort - [NF - RARE]
Grand Bay West, Newfoundland. Dunes behind beach. July 12, 2007. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophores
Sporophores
Young Trophophores
Young Trophophores
Young Trophophores
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Twillingate, Newfoundland. Below lighthouse. Shore heath. Bare knolls. Limestone area. July 18, 2008. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Habitat
Habitat

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Botrychium tenebrosum A. A. Eaton ["sun form"] [= Botrychium simplex var. tenebrosum]  -  Swamp Moonwort - [NF - RARE]
Exploits Island, Newfoundland. Barren headland west of village, north side. July 19, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. "The Mad Rocks". Shore heath-meadow. July 19, 2015. [Digital - John Maunder]
Trophophore, Closeup, note the two sporangia on the edge of basal pinna
Trophophore, note the two sporangia on the edge of basal pinna
Trophophore, note the two sporangia on the edge of basal pinna
Trophophore, note the two sporangia on the edge of basal pinna
Trophophore, note the single sporangium on the edge of basal pinna
Trophophore
Trophophore, and base of sporophore
Portion of sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Sandy Cove, Tilting, Newfoundland. Sparsely-vegetated sand behind active beach. July 25, 2006. [Digital - Gene Herzberg]
Whole Plant
Whole Plant [the smaller of the two plants, the larger plant is B. cf. minganense]
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland. "The Mad Rocks". Shore heath-meadow. August 8, 2015. [Digital - John Maunder]
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore, sporophore chewed off
Trophophore, sporophore chewed off
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore, sporophore shrivelled
Trophophore and sporophore, one one trophophore missing, one sporophore shrivelled
Trophophores, sporophores shrivelled
Trophophores and sporophores
Sporophore
Sporophore and trophophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant, showing long common stalk
Habitat
Habitat
Habitat, reverse view

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Botrychium cf. tunux Stensvold and Farrar [and/or, perhaps, an as yet undescribed form - the identity of these Eddies Cove plants is presently under review]  -  Tunux Moonwort - [NF - RARE]
North of Eddies Cove, Newfoundland. Old shore road. Shoulder and ditch. Limestone area. July 7, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plants
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
East of Eddies Cove, Newfoundland. Large gravel pit. July 12, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Whole Plant
East of Eddies Cove, Newfoundland. Large gravel pit. July 12, 2002. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Whole Plant

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Botrychium virginianum (Linnaeus) Swartz  -  Rattlesnake Fern - [NF, LAB]
Table Head, Newfoundland. "Bellburns Airport" Limestone area. June 28, 2005. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore, Closeup
Sporophore and Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Sporophore and Trophophore
Below south end of North Summit of the Highlands of St. John [*], Newfoundland. Disturbed rocky and peaty roadside. Limestone area. July 15, 2001. [Digital - John Maunder]
Sporophore
Whole Plant
Between Port au Choix and Eddies Cove West, Newfoudland. Old shore road. August 7, 2009. [Digital - Claudia Hanel]
Sporophore
Trophophore, Closeup
Trophophore
Trophophore
Trophophore
Whole Plant
Battery Trail, between L'Anse-au-Loup and L'Anse-au-Diable, Labrador. August 8, 2013. [Digital - Diane Allen and Paul Hines]
Whole Plant

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